Corns & Calluses

Explore How We Can Alleviate Corns and Calluses.

Corns and calluses, toughened patches of skin often found on feet and toes, can be bothersome and occasionally painful. Typically caused by friction, these skin accumulations can be managed by addressing the underlying source of irritation.

Treatment usually involves adjusting footwear or utilizing supportive devices to reduce friction on the affected areas.
Patients with circulatory issues may require specialized care from a podiatrist to prevent further complications.

Distinguishing Corns from Calluses
Corns, smaller than calluses, feature an inner core that can be either hard or soft. Soft corns commonly occur between toes, while harder ones form on the tops of toes. Calluses, usually larger, develop on the soles of feet and are generally painless, though discomfort may arise if irritation occurs.

Causes of Corns and Calluses
Friction from ill-fitting footwear or repetitive impacts during activities like walking, running, or jogging commonly lead to corns and calluses. They are not contagious and do not result from viral infections. Individuals with foot deformities or abnormalities like flat feet are more susceptible to calluses. Conditions such as bunions, hammertoes, or rheumatoid arthritis may also contribute to their development.

Identifying Symptoms and Signs
Rough, grayish or yellowish patches of skin, dryness, tenderness, or elevated bumps are typical signs of corns and calluses.

Diagnosis primarily involves visual examination of the affected area, along with inquiries about footwear and daily activities. X-rays are typically unnecessary unless structural abnormalities are suspected.

Possible Treatments
Avoidance of activities causing friction is key, along with modifying footwear or activities accordingly. Protective padding like toe separators and caps can aid healing, as can gentle use of a pumice stone to remove callused skin. Soaking the affected foot in warm water may also provide relief. Cutting away corns or calluses at home is discouraged, especially for patients with soft tissue conditions.

In some cases, a podiatrist may recommend gait adjustments or form corrections during activities to prevent recurrence. Surgery is rare but may be considered for bone issues causing persistent irritation.

Preventive Measures
Wearing well-fitted shoes and cushioned insoles can reduce the risk of corns and calluses. Diabetic patients should be cautious, as these skin accumulations may mask deeper foot issues or infections.

For any foot irritations or abnormalities, consult a podiatrist to determine the appropriate treatment, whether it be over-the-counter remedies or professional interventions.