Tarsal Coalition

Explore How We Can Assist in Alleviating Tarsal Coalition.

Tarsal coalition refers to an abnormal connection between two tarsal bones in the foot's rear and heel, characterized by the growth of cartilage, bone, or fibrous tissue into each other. This coalition, often in the form of bridges known as bars, may occur between various tarsal bones, hindering normal foot function.

Understanding Tarsal Coalition
Approximately one in 100 individuals develop tarsal coalition, with roughly half experiencing it in both feet. Despite its prevalence, many cases remain undiagnosed due to asymptomatic presentation.

Identifying Symptoms
Symptoms typically arise between ages nine and 16, manifesting as pain during weight-bearing activities, leg fatigue, rigid flatfoot, ankle stiffness, and walking abnormalities. Ankle sprains and foot deformities may also occur.

Uncovering the Causes
The majority of tarsal coalition cases stem from fetal development mutations in the NOG gene, crucial for bone and joint development. Additionally, trauma, arthritis, or infection may trigger coalition formation later in life.

Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis often occurs in adulthood through physical examinations and imaging tests like X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs. Nonsurgical treatments focus on symptom relief through physical therapy, orthotics, immobilization, and medication. Surgical options include resection to preserve motion or fusion for severe cases.

Postoperative Care
Following surgery, patients undergo immobilization and gradual rehabilitation to restore foot function and mobility.

Discover how we can help you find relief from tarsal coalition. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and embark on a journey toward improved foot health and well-being.